Shoulder Bursitis – Flower Mound, TX
Shoulder Bursitis is a condition in which the bursa located in the shoulder joint becomes inflamed and irritated. The Bursa is a tiny sac filled with a small amount of synovial liquid. The Bursae are particularly located in the joints where they help to reduce friction and produce cushioning to the bones, tendons as well as tissues for smooth movement.

The shoulder Bursa is located between the Acromion (the shoulder bone) and the rotator cuff muscles that wrap around the head of Humerus bone. Due to a number of causes, the bursa may be filled with excessive synovial fluid which causes pressure on the tendons and tissues. This condition is known as Shoulder Bursitis.

Causes

  • Overuse of the shoulder joint by athletes and manual laborers
  • Weak shoulder muscles due to old age
  • Maintaining poor posture for prolonged periods
  • Overgrowth in the shoulder bone
  • Autoimmune disorders such as arthritis, gout etc
  • Injury or bacterial infection in the shoulder
  • Calcium deposits around the bursa

Symptoms

  • Localized pain and tenderness in the shoulder joint
  • Swelling and redness in the shoulder
  • Increased pain when moving or lifting the arm
  • Pain may be experienced in the elbow and wrist
  • Weakness in the shoulder and arm
  • Restricted motion of the shoulder

Diagnosis

  • Patient’s History: The patient may be asked about the intensity of pain and the level of difficulty experienced in carrying out subtle activities like lifting the arm.
  • Physical Examination: The mobility of the arm may be evaluated by lifting and rotating. The shoulder joint may be closely examined to check for swelling, pain and tenderness.
  • Imaging Tests: An X-Ray test may be performed to rule out bone outgrowth or calcification of the bursa. An ultrasound and MRI scan may be needed to check for injured or inflamed bursa and the surrounding tissues.
  • Fluid-Culture Test: The fluid in the inflamed bursa may be collected using a needle and sent to laboratory to test for septic bursitis.

Treatment

Non Surgical Treatment


  • Rest: The patient may be advised to temporarily avoid any strenuous activity such as heavy lifting or pulling to provide relief from pain and inflammation.
  • Medications: The doctor may prescribe NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs) to relieve the symptoms associated with Shoulder Bursitis. Pain relieving creams may be directly applied to the skin of the shoulder joint. In severe cases, corticosteroid injections may be given to reduce stiffness in the shoulder joint.
  • Aspiration: It may be performed to drain out the excessive liquid from the inflamed bursa. It helps to relieve swelling and pain.  

Surgical Treatment

Bursectomy: A small incision may be made in the painful shoulder to surgically drain or remove the inflamed bursa, bone spurs and the surrounding tissues.

For effective treatment of Shoulder Bursitis, schedule an appointment with an orthopedic doctor.