Shoulder Dislocation – Flower Mound, TX
Dr. Kulwicki is a leading orthopedic surgeon serving the community of Flower Mound, TX. he provides effective diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of shoulder conditions including fractures, sprains, ligament tears, dislocations etc.

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder Dislocation is essentially the displacement of the humerus (bony head of the upper arm) from the cup shaped socket (glenoid) of the shoulder joint located below the shoulder blade. This joint is stabilized by the ligaments, cartilaginous tissues, joint capsule and rotator cuff muscles. An injury or trauma to any of these can lead to instability and displacement of the joint. A dislocation can be forwards (anterior), backwards (posterior) as well as downwards. Partial displacement of the shoulder joint is referred to as subluxation. Dislocations can weaken the shoulder joint and can render it susceptible to more injuries as well as repeated dislocations in the future. It is therefore advised that the patient seeks timely and adequate medical help as soon as the problem occurs.

Causes Of Shoulder Dislocation

The following factors may affect the stability of the shoulder joint:

  • Trauma, injury or direct blow to the shoulder
  • Previous injury or shoulder dislocation in the patient makes the joint more susceptible to repeated dislocations/subluxations
  • Tearing of the rotator cuff muscles
  • Fracture of the glenoid
  • Wear and tear of cartilaginous tissues that form the internal lining in the joint
  • Injury to the nerves within the joint that control its movement
  • A direct fall on the shoulder or upper arm
  • Congenital disorders such as malformation of glenoid

Symptoms Of Shoulder Dislocation

  • The shoulder could appear visibly out of shape
  • Pain which could be intense
  • Numbness, a tingling sensation or weakness and instability
  • Difficulty in moving the arm and shoulder
  • Muscle spasm in the upper arm and shoulder
  • Some swelling or bruising may occur
  • Discomfort in the neck that may radiate down to the arm

Diagnosis Of Shoulder Dislocation

The doctor may ask about the cause and time of injury besides analyzing the patient’s medical history. X-ray imaging is required for the assessment of the location of the displaced bones. A physical examination of the injured shoulder may be followed by a neurovascular test. MRI scan may be required in case of torn ligaments or rotator cuff muscles.

Treatment for Shoulder Dislocation

  • Providing adequate rest to the injured shoulder
  • Applying ice packs to combat swelling at regular intervals. It also helps in preventing fluid accumulation in the joint
  • Physical Reduction wherein the displaced humerus is put back into place manually
  • Physical therapy
  • Use of a sling to hold the arm in place
  • Pain killers may be administered
  • Surgical intervention may be required in severe cases involving torn tissues, damaged ligaments, fractures and hyperlaxity.

For treatment of Shoulder Dislocation, consult Dr. Kulwicki. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Flower Mound, TX, call at (972) 899 - 4679.